SatyaVeda: All about the Veda

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Isa Vasya Upanishad

Om Purnamadah Purnam Idam – s’Anti mantram of the Is’A vAsyOpanishat :

This is the s’Anti mantram of the Is’A vAsyOpanishat. This is a part pf the vAjasanEya samhita of the s’ukla yajurvEda.

This part of the vEdA had no part at all in the karma kAnDa. It is meant only for knowledge of the nature of the brahman.

AUM pUrNamadah pUrNamidam pUrNat pUrNamudacyatE

pUrNasya pUrNamAdAya pUrNamEvAvas’iSyatE.

AUM s’Antih, s’Antih, s’Antih.

One of the interesting things about chanting this santi mantram is that all the vedic swaras in it are anudAttas and udAttas. There are no svaritAs and dwisvaritAs in it at all! See Siksha Vedanga.

Source : Eka Akshara on Facebook

AUM – is the divine sound, praNava nAda that Brahma meditates on and utters when at the beginning of his day, the beginning of our kalpa, when it is time for him to engage in creation. This divine sound is chanted as the first sound by all who wish to start a holy activity.

(There is some resemblance in AUM to Amen the biblical ‘yes’, aam the sanskrit and telugu ‘yes’ and to aama the tamil ‘yes’ . It is possible that all these other sounds have their origin in AUM or OM as we normally write it).

pUrNam – complete, adah – that, idam – this, udacyate – comes, rises, is generated, AdAya – having taken, eva – alone, avas’isyate  – remains.

Literal Translation :

AUM, this is complete and that is complete. From completeness, completeness arises.

Having taken completeness of completeness, only completeness remains.

Discussion :

Mathematical Meaning : Completeness refers to infinity. Any fraction of the infinite is infinite. When you subtract infinity from infinity only infinity remains. (Courtesy my grandfather and father : Kandula Nagabhushanam and Kavana Sarma)

Spiritual Meaning :That” refers to brahman (Parabrahma). “This” refers to this manifest universe. What we can sense with our sensory organs. Both are complete. Completeness refers to Perfection. This visible universe that manifests from the perfect brahman is also perfect. When perfect, complete manifest universe is removed from the brahman, only the perfect complete brahman remains. The manifestation of a perfect God cannot be imperfect, it is also perfect. (Courtesy : My Veda Guru)

This has also been interpreted as when the complete manifest brahman is manifested or withdrawn finally into the unmanifest, only the unmanifest complete brahman remains.

My random thoughts :

Conclusion : As the infinite manifest universe has emerged and separated from the infinite unmanifest Brahman, both continue to be infinite, complete and perfect.

Is’a : Sankara Bhashya on Isa Vasya Upanishad : We try to look at the first mantram of the Isa Vasya Upanishad.

Source : Eka Akshara on Facebook

The first word in it is Is’a.

In the Vedas, everytime there is a reference to the Divine, it is to one of his attributes. For eg savitr is progenitor, pUSan is the one who noursishes all of us, viSNu means omnipresent and so on.

Is’a refers to that aspect of God, the master,  according to whose will or iSTa, this universe moves.

It is generally understood by many theists that everything happens as per the will of God – Satya.

Sankaracharya says that every which thing that moves in this moving world should be covered with Is’a.

This means that whenever you look at anything at all, see it with a cover of the Master or Isa, by whose will alone it moves or acts or is ie Under whose control it is – Satya

Aum. Is’A vAsyam idagam sarvam, yat kinchit jagatyAm jagat.

(idam in Rg veda is idagam in yajur veda, it means this).

Ganesha : Artist Rajan

This is the first mantra of this upanishad :

Is’A vAsyam idam sarvam yat kincha jagatyAm jagat  / tena tyaktEna bhunjIthA mA grudhah kasya svid dhanam. //

This is the translation :

By the Master (Lord), should be covered (as with a cloth) all this, every which thing, that moves in the world.

By giving that up, be protected, don’t covet, anyone’s wealth. (for whose is wealth?)

Satya Bhasyham based on Sankaracharya Bhasyam :

When you cover something with a cloth, all you can see is the cloth and not the object. Similarly when you cover everything by Is’a, all you can see is Is’a. It is detachment from all things that will protect you, neither the thing nor the attachment to it. Dhanam or wealth means different things to different people. But who does everything belong to ? Don’t covet things or want them, they are not yours or your neighbours’.

There is one Isa based on whose will everything moves. The concept of duality is an illusion. Just as wet sandal can be made to smell good again, by rubbing it with sandal, all duality, change and motion can be made to disappear by recognising Isa everywhere. All things have nothing but Isa, the paramAtma in them as their Atma. When you cover them again with Isa, the duality disappears. Now you no longer care for threefold desires of sons, wealth and worlds.

This is the way for those who seek liberation through renunciation. They need not perform any karma, vEdOkta or otherwise. And it has been explained previously that this upanishad is for those who seek to know the true nature of things. True Knowledge and Karma are not the same path at all.

We can work or we can know. Those who know cannot do and those who “Do/Act” do not/cannot know. Action (Karma) is for those who cannot understand the True Nature of Reality. Renunciation is for those who understand the true nature of reality.

Knowledge inhibits action, emotion facilitates action. – Satya

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Written by 1 2 Next Change!

May 4, 2010 at 10:15 am

2 Responses

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  1. I love your website. Please continue this good work. May God’s choicest blessings be showered on you and your team members.


    December 21, 2010 at 7:13 am

    • Dear Sri Govindraj,
      Sorry for the late response,, Thank you very much for the wonderful thought and feeling.
      Love and Regards,


      January 26, 2011 at 8:18 pm

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